The Application of Participatory Communication in the Implementation of Small Farmers Empowerment Program

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.08.2016.135-148

Keywords:

participatory communication, empowerment, small farmers

Abstract

An agricultural development approach that is centralized, top down, and applied linear communication (transfer of technology) puts farmers as a tool to achieve national’s goals (rice self-sufficiency) and makes them dependant to the outsiders. This study aims to analyze the level of participatory communication implementation in the implementation of Small Farmers Empowerment Program. The data are collected using some methods: observation, interview and focus group discussion. The data are analyzed using descriptive statistic. The study result shows that the implementation of participatory communication is in a low category. The recommendations of this study are to enhance the ability of small farmers through increasing the intensity of dialogue between the small farmers and the stakeholders (insiders and outsiders). Exchange of information and knowledg

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Author Biography

Sitti Aminah, Ministry of Home Affairs

Research and Development Agency

References

Anyaegbunam, C., Mefalopulos, P., & Moetsabi, T.(2004). Participatory Rural Communication

Appraisal: Starting with the People. Rome: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United

Nations.

Ascroft, J. & Masilela, S. (2004). Participatory Decision Making in Third World Development.

In S. White, Participatory Communication:Working for Change and Development. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Belbase, S. (2004). Participatory Communication for Development. In S. White, Participatory

Communication: Working for Change and Development. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Chambers, R. (1983). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. Harlow: Prentice Hall.

Chambers, R. (1997). Whose Reality Counts?Putting the First Last. London: Intermediate Technology.

Chang, L. (2006). Measuring Participation: a Secondary Data Analysis. Presentation, Dresden

International Congress Centre, Dresden,Germany.

Chitnis, K. (2011). Recasting the Process of Participatory Communication through Freirean

Praxis: the Case of the Comprehensive Rural Health Project in Jamkhed, India. Presentation,

International Communication Association,Sheraton New York, New York City.

Cummins, J. (2009). Enhancing the Adoption of Conservation Farming System in Three Countries of Contrast: Eritrea, India and Australia.Presentation, International Conference on Agricultural Extension.

Freire, P. (1969). Education for Critical Consciousness.New York: The Seabury Press.

Freire, P. (1970). Pedagogy of the Oppressed. New York: Continuum.Freire, P. (1984). Pendidikan Sebagai Praktek Pembebasan (Terj.). Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.

Freire, P. (2000). Pendidikan Kaum Tertindas (Terj.).Jakarta: LP3ES.

Habermas, J. (1990). Moral Consciousness and Communicative Action. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Habermas, J. (1996). The Theory of Communicative Action: Reason and the Rationalization of Society. Boston: Beacon Press.

Jacobson, T. & Storey, J. (2004). Development Communication and Participation: Applying

Habermas to a Case Study of Population Programs in Nepal. Communication Theory, 14(2), 99-121. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1468-2885.2004.tb00307.x

Kountur, R. (2006). Metode Penelitian untuk Penulisan Skripsi dan Tesis. Jakarta: PPM.

Leeuwis, C. (2009). Komunikasi untuk Inovasi Pedesaan: Berpikir Kembali tentang Penyuluhan Pertanian. Jakarta: Kanisius.

McPhail, T. (2009). Introduction to Development Communication. Development

Communication, 1-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9781444310740.ch1

Mefalopulos, P. (2003). Theory and Practice of Participatory Communication: the Case of the

FAO Project “Communication for Development in Southern Africa” (Dissertation). The University of Texas at Austin.

Mefalopulos, P. (2005). Empowerment Communication. In A. Gumucio-Dagron & T.Tufte, Anthology: Historical and Contemporary Readings. New Jersey: Communication for Social Change Consortium.

Melkote, S. (1991). Communication for Development in the Third World: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Mosse, D. (2004). ‘People’s Knowledge’,Participation and Patronage: Operations and Representations in Rural Development. In B.Cooke & U. Kothari, Participation: The New Tyranny?. London: Zed Books.

Nasdian, F. (2007). Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Berbasis Ekologi dalam Ekologi Manusia. Bogor:Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Pretty, J. (1995). Regenerating Agriculture: Policies and Practice for Sustainability and Self-reliance. London: Earthscan Publication Ltd.

Priastana, J. (1998). Teori Tindakan Komunikasi Habermas Sebagai Titik Pijak Dialog Antar

Agama (Master Thesis). Universitas Indonesia.

Sajogjo,. (1999). Menuju Program Partisipatif dan Berkelanjutan (Belajar dari Program PDMDKE).Kerja sama Pusat P3R dan Pemda Jawa Barat.

Satriani, I., Muljono, P., & Lumintang, R. (2011).Komunikasi Partisipatif pada Program Pos

Pemberdayaan Keluarga. Jurnal Komunikasi Pembangunan, 9(2), 17-27.

Servaes, J. (2002). Communication for Development: One World, Multiple Cultures. New Jersey:Hampton Press.

Servaes, J. (2005). Mapping the New Field of Communication for Development and Social Change. Presentation, Social Change in the 21st Century Conference, 28 October 2005, QUT,Brisbane.

Servaes, J. (2007). Harnessing the UN System Into a Common Approach on Communication forDevelopment. International Communication Gazette, 69(6), 483-507.

http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1748048507082838

Sumardjo,. (1999). Transformasi Model Penyuluhan Pertanian Menuju Pengembangan Kemandirian Petani (Kasus di Propinsi Jawa Barat) (Dissertation). Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Wolf, E. (1985). Petani Suatu Tinnjauan Antropologis.Jakarta: CV. Rajawali.

Downloads

Published

2016-05-31

How to Cite

Aminah, S. (2016). The Application of Participatory Communication in the Implementation of Small Farmers Empowerment Program. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, 8(1), 135-148. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.08.2016.135-148

Issue

Section

Articles