Regional Autonomy Oversight Models in Denmark and Zimbabwe and Alternative Regional Autonomy Oversight Model in Indonesia

Authors

  • Hadi Prabowo Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri (IPDN)

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.12.2020.64-74

Keywords:

Oversight, Regional Autonomy, Regional Governments

Abstract

Law No. 12 of 2017 concerning the Guidance and Oversight of the Administration of Regional Governments apparently has not provided sufficient power for the implementation of regional autonomy in Indonesia. In fact, a number of cases that undermine the implementation of regional autonomy still occur frequently. There are many contributing factors, including the current regional autonomy oversight system. The Regional Autonomy Implementation Monitoring Committee (KPPOD), for example, noted implementing regulations related to sanctions for regional governments that commit violations or disobey, such as delays in preparing regional budgets, negligence in national programs, or noticeless overseas travels, were not firm yet. On the other hand, guidance and oversight were still considered weak. Therefore, this study intended to provide an overview of regional autonomy oversight models in Denmark and Zimbabwe while trying to provide a solution for the regional autonomy oversight model in Indonesia. To achieve this goal, this study used a literature study method to gather various relevant information with a qualitative approach. This approach was considered appropriate because regional autonomy oversight was multidimensional. The results showed that such a regional autonomy oversight model as applied in Denmark was needed to control regional governments from implementing policies that could harm public interest. Furthermore, the oversight must be carried out by looking at the problems and the actual conditions in the regions in more detail. This study also offered a regional autonomy oversight model, which has dimensions of human resources, acceptance, development, and innovation.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

Alwasilah, A. C. (2003). Pokoknya Kualitatif: Dasar-Dasar Merancang dan Melakukan Penelitian Kualitatif. Pustaka Jaya.

Apituley, L. G. F. (2013). Pengawasan Penggunaan Keuangan Daerah dalam Pelaksanaan Otonomi Daerah. Journal Uniera, 2(1). https://journal.uniera.ac.id/abst/37/pengawasan-penggunaan-keuangan-daerah-dalam-pelaksanaan-otonomi-daerah

Azma, M. A. (2017). Pengaruh Motivasi, Pengetahuan tentang Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah dan Intensitas Pembinaan Aparat Inspektorat terhadap Kualitas Hasil Audit Inspektorat (Studi Empiris pada Inspektorat Kota Pariaman dan Kabupaten Padang Pariaman). JOM Fekon, 4(1), 309–322. https://jom.unri.ac.id/index.php/JOMFEKON/article/view/12345

Diamantina, A. (2010). Pengawasan Atas Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Daerah untuk Mewujudkan Pemerintahan Daerah yang Efektif dan Efisien. Masalah-Masalah Hukum, 39(1), 36–43. https://doi.org/10.14710/mmh.39.1.2010.36-43

Engkus, Hoerudin, C. W., & Maolani, D. Y. (2019). Supervision and Control of The Government Internal Supervisory Apparatus in The Implementation of Regional Autonomy. International Journal of Science and Society, 1(1), 56–69. https://doi.org/10.200609/ijsoc.v1i1.16

Eprilianto, D. F., Pradana, G. W., & Sari, Y. E. K. (2019). Digital Inovasi Sektor Publik: Efektivitas Kolaborasi dalam Implementasi Inovasi Desa Digital. Jurnal El-Riyasah, 10(2), 127–145. https://doi.org/10.24014/jel.v10i2.8909

Erviantono, T. (2010). Desentralisasi dan Kemandirian Kelembagaan Lokal. Interaktif: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial. http://interaktif.ub.ac.id/index.php/interaktif/article/view/102

Fajri, R. (2019, April 30). Pentingnya Pengawasan dan Pembinaan di Era Otonomi Daerah. Mediaindonesia.Com. https://mediaindonesia.com/read/detail/232753-pentingnya-pengawasan-dan-pembinaan-di-era-otonomi-daerah

Froy, F., Giguère, S., Pyne, L., & Wood, D. E. (2011). Building Flexibility and Accountability Into Local Employment Services: Synthesis of OECD Studies in Belgium, Canada, Denmark and the Netherlands (2011/10). 1–96. https://doi.org/10.1787/5kg3mkv3tr21-en

González, M. (2016). The Unmaking of Self-Determination: Twenty-Five Years of Regional Autonomy in Nicaragua. Bulletin of Latin American Research, 35(3), 306–321. https://doi.org/10.1111/blar.12487

Hadi, S. (2000). Metodologi Research. Andi Offset.

Head, G. (2013, April 8). Tailor-Made Policies Provide Good Options for Medical and Professional Liability Market. Insurance Journal. https://www.insurancejournal.com/magazines/mag-features/2013/04/08/286906.htm

Isnanto, B. A. (2019, September 25). Kemendagri Beri Penghargaan Pengawasan Terbaik untuk 5 Pemprov. DetikNews. https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-tengah/d-4721223/kemendagri-beri-penghargaan-pengawasan-terbaik-untuk-5-pemprov

Jonga, W. (2014). Local Government System in Zimbabwe and Associated Challenges: Synthesis and Antithesis. Archives of Business Research, 2(1), 75–98. https://doi.org/10.14738/abr.21.89

Kristiyanto, E. N. (2017). Local Wisdom Position and Role of Society in Spatial Planning in the Region. Jurnal Rechtsvinding, 6(2), 159–177.

Kusnadi, A. (2017). Re-Evaluasi Hubungan Pengawasan Pusat dan Daerah Setelah Berlakunya UU No. 23 Tahun 2014 tentang Pemerintahan Daerah. Arena Hukum, 10(1), 61–77. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.arenahukum.2017.01001.4

Liu, L. (2018). Problems and Countermeasures in the Implementation of the Law of the People’s Republic of China on Regional Ethnic Autonomy. Proceedings of the International Conference on Contemporary Education, Social Sciences and Ecological Studies (CESSES 2018), 342–346. https://doi.org/10.2991/cesses-18.2018.77

Mahardhika, L. A. (2019, September 11). Dorong Investasi Daerah, Pemerintah Anggarkan DID Rp15 Triliun (A. Aris (Ed.)). Bisnis.Com. https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20190911/9/1147205/dorong-investasi-daerah-pemerintah-anggarkan-did-rp15-triliun

Maharjono, I. A. W. (2018). Strategi Peningkatan Kapabilitas Aparat Pengawas Intern Pemerintah (APIP) dengan Internal Audit Capability Model (IA-CM) (Studi pada Inspektorat DIY) [Universitas Gadjah Mada]. http://etd.repository.ugm.ac.id/home/detail_pencarian/157411

Marumahoko, S., & Fessha, Y. (2011). Fiscal autonomy of urban councils in Zimbabwe: A critical analysis. Law, Democracy & Development, 15(1), 1–22. https://doi.org/10.4314/ldd.v15i1.9

Matei, A. M., Karamoy, H., & Lambey, L. (2017). Optimalisasi Fungsi Inspektorat dalam Pengawasan Keuangan Daerah di Kabupaten Kepulauan Talaud. Jurnal Riset Akuntansi Dan Auditing “Goodwill,” 8(1), 86–96. https://doi.org/10.35800/jjs.v8i1.15328

Melamed, E. V. (2019). Regional autonomy movements in Europe: National governments and the EU [University of Illinois]. http://hdl.handle.net/2142/104945

Midesia, S. (2015). Pengaruh Rasio Aktivitas, Profitabilitas, dan Pasar Terhadap Return Saham: Studi Perbandingan Antara Saham Konvensional dan Syariah di Indonesia [Universitas Syiah Kuala]. https://etd.unsyiah.ac.id/index.php?p=show_detail&id=20738

Mulyatini, N. (2018). Model Peningkatan Kapabilitas Sumber Daya Aparat Pengawasan Internal Pemerintah di Jawa Barat. Ekonologi, 5(1), 283–286. https://doi.org/10.2827/jeim.v5i1.1358

Nugraha, Y. N. (2019, January 20). Ketergantungan Fiskal Daerah Dalam Pelaksanaan Desentralisasi Fiskal di Indonesia. Kemenkeu.Go.Id. https://www.kemenkeu.go.id/publikasi/artikel-dan-opini/ketergantungan-fiskal-daerah-dalam-pelaksanaan-desentralisasi-fiskal-di-indonesia/

Pengawasan Tidak Optimal. (n.d.). Kppod.Org. https://www.kppod.org/berita/view?id=547

Peuranda, J. H., Satriawan, R. A., & Azlina, N. (2014). Pengaruh Pengawasan Preventif dan Pengawasan Detektif terhadap Efektifitas Pengendalian Anggaran (Studi Empiris pada Satuan Kerja Perangkat Daerah di Kabupaten Kampar). JOM Fekon, 1(2), 1–22. https://jom.unri.ac.id/index.php/JOMFEKON/article/view/3986

Prabowo, H. (2019). Influence of Implementation of Development and Supervision Policy to the Effectiveness of Regional Autonomy in Indonesia. Jurnal Bina Praja, 11(1), 63–73. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.11.2019.63-73

Prasetia, A. (2018, April 9). Jokowi: Hilangkan Ego Sektoral Antar-Kementerian/Lembaga. DetikNews. https://news.detik.com/berita/d-3961835/jokowi-hilangkan-ego-sektoral-antar-kementerianlembaga

Pryanka, A. (2020, January 15). DPD: Persyaratan Dana Insentif Daerah Terlalu Rumit (G. Amanda (Ed.)). Republika.Co.Id. https://republika.co.id/berita/q44ost423/dpd-persyaratan-dana-insentif-daerah-terlalu-rumit

Purnamasari, D. D. (2020, May 3). Penundaan Transfer DAU Harus Diikuti Pengawasan agar Tak Rugikan Publik. Kompas. https://kompas.id/baca/polhuk/2020/05/03/penundaan-transfer-dau-jangan-sampai-korbankan-publik/

Risal, M. (2016). Kearifan Lokal dalam Pembentukan Daerah Otonomi Baru di Era Otonomi Daerah (Studi Kasus: Kearifan Lokal di Daerah Apau Kayan Kabupaten Malinau). Jurnal Administrative Reform (JAR), 4(2), 106–126. https://doi.org/10.30872/jar.v4i2.597

Rosalina, I. F. (2017a, June). Jatuh Bangun Otonomi Pasca-Reformasi. Media BPP, 2(3), 26–29.

Rosalina, I. F. (2017b, June). Otonomi Daerah di Era Dua Orde Besar. Media BPP, 2(3), 22–23.

Sanjaya, L. (2015). Optimalisasi Pengawasan Pengelolaan Keuangan Daerah di Kabupaten Sidoarjo. JKMP (Jurnal Kebijakan Dan Manajemen Publik), 3(1), 35–48. https://doi.org/10.21070/jkmp.v3i1.179

Saputra, D. (2014). Analisis Kemandirian dan Efektivitas Keuangan Daerah pada Kabupaten dan Kota di Propinsi Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Akuntansi, 2(1), 1–26. http://ejournal.unp.ac.id/students/index.php/akt/article/view/871

Sasongko, A. (2018, April 26). 104 Kasus Korupsi Kepala Daerah Sudah Diproses KPK. Republika.Co.Id. https://www.republika.co.id/berita/nasional/hukum/18/04/26/p7ra1e313-104-kasus-korupsi-kepala-daerah-sudah-diproses-kpk

Sinaga, A. W. (2016, August 3). Koordinasi Antar Lembaga Lemah TKA Ilegal Membanjiri Indonesia. Tribunnews.Com. https://www.tribunnews.com/tribunners/2016/08/03/koordinasi-antar-lembaga-lemah-tka-ilegal-membanjiri-indonesia

Siregar, M. (2018, June 26). Kendala Dalam Pelaksanaan Pengawasan Terhadap Penyelenggaraan Pemerintahan Daerah. Hariansib.Com. https://hariansib.com/Opini/Kendala-Dalam-Pelaksanaan-Pengawasan-Terhadap-Penyelenggaraan-Pemerintahan-Daerah

Suharti, & Hutahaean, R. T. (2018). Analisis Perencanaan, Pengawasan dan Pengendalian terhadap Anggaran Pendapatan dan Belanja Daerah Dinas Kelautan dan Perikanan Provinsi Riau. Journal of Economic, Bussines and Accounting (COSTING), 1(2), 167–179. https://doi.org/10.31539/costing.v1i2.203

Sumbu, H. (2000). ImplementasiKebijakan OtonomiDaerahdalam KonteksFormulasi KebijakanOtonomi Desa. Prosiding Simposium Internasional Jurnal ANTROPOLOGI INDONESIA, 51–55.

Triantafillou, P. (2012). Decentralization as the exercise of power and autonomy: the case of Danish employment policy. Journal of Political Power, 5(1), 55–71. https://doi.org/10.1080/2158379X.2012.660322

Vincent S, C. (2015). Central-local Government Relations: Implications on the Autonomy and Discretion of ZimbabweÂ’s Local Government. Journal of Political Sciences & Public Affairs, 03(01), 64. https://doi.org/10.4172/2332-0761.1000143

Wei, X., & De-rui, G. (2016). Financial Governance of Minority Autonomous Regions: from Central Control to Regional Autonomy. Journal of Minzu University of China, 1. http://en.cnki.com.cn/Article_en/CJFDTotal-ZYMD201601014.htm

Widiyanto, D. (2017, September 19). Pengawasan APIP Masih Lemah. Krjogja.Com. https://www.krjogja.com/peristiwa/nasional/pengawasan-apip-masih-lemah/

Witono, T. (2017). Kemiskinan dan Lingkungan dalam Kerangka Otonomi DaerahStudi Kasus di Lereng Gunung Merapi, Magelang, Jawa Tengah. Sosio Konsepsia, 12(2), 21–32. https://doi.org/10.33007/ska.v12i2.627

Urban Councils Act, 2015 [Chapter 29:15], 1 (2001). https://zimlii.org/zw/legislation/act/2001/222001

Downloads

Published

2020-05-28

How to Cite

Prabowo, H. (2020). Regional Autonomy Oversight Models in Denmark and Zimbabwe and Alternative Regional Autonomy Oversight Model in Indonesia. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, 12(1), 65-75. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.12.2020.64-74

Issue

Section

Articles