Independent Village Innovation

Integration of Agile Governance and Sustainable Development in Rural Governance


  • Wilda Rasaili Department of Public Administration, Universitas Wiraraja, Sumenep, Indonesia
  • Deny Feri Suharyanto Department of Visual Communication Design, Universitas Wiraraja, Sumenep, Indonesia
  • Ach Andiriyanto Faculty of Teacher Education and Science, Universitas Wiraraja, Sumenep, Indonesia
  • Nina Sa’idah Fitriyah Department of Public Administration, Universitas Abdurrachman Saleh, Situbondo, Indonesia
  • Zarnuji Department of Visual Communication Design, Universitas Wiraraja, Sumenep, Indonesia
  • Irma Irawati Puspaningrum Department of Public Administration, Universitas Wiraraja, Sumenep, Indonesia



Innovation, Development, Agile Governance, Village Independence


This research aims to explain Independent Village Innovation through the integration of agile governance and sustainable development in village governance. The main focus of the research is on the efforts of the governments of Lobuk Village, Sumenep Regency, East Java and Srimulyo Village, Bantul Regency, Yogyakarta in development innovation through the principles of agile governance. The agile governance approach emphasizes the responsiveness and flexibility of governments that move quickly and agilely in administering government, services and development. Qualitative research method with a case study approach. Data were collected through in-depth interviews, policy document analysis, and participatory observation. The number of informants was 10 people, including village heads, village officials, businesspeople, village youth, community leaders, and experts in policy and development. The results of the study explain the success of village development innovation through the integration of agile, adaptive, and sustainable governance. The agile governance approach encourages a flexible and responsive government in meeting public needs and implementing development. The achievements that have been made are service digitization, high community participation, economic growth, education improvement, infrastructure fulfillment, and accessibility of public mobilization. This research has implications as a guide for village governments in optimizing development strategies to achieve sustainable goals at the local level.


Ahmad, F., Fitriani, F. L., & Kurniawan, I. (2021). Independent Village Development.

Amalia, P. I. A., & Sugiartono, E. (2021). Perencanaan Pengelolaan Keuangan Desa (Studi Kasus pada Desa Tembokrejo Kecamatan Gumukmas Kabupaten Jember). Asersi: Jurnal Akuntansi Terapan dan Bisnis, 1(1), 45–53.

Anckar, C. (2008). On the Applicability of the Most Similar Systems Design and the Most Different Systems Design in Comparative Research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 11(5), 389–401.

Annur, C. M. (2024, Januari 22). Jumlah Desa Maju dan Mandiri di Indonesia Semakin Meningkat, Ini Trennya. databoks.

Arma, N. A., Sopang, J., & Jaffisa, T. (2020). Peningkatan Aparatur Desa dalam Perencanaan Pembangunan Desa di Desa Kota Rantang. Reswara: Jurnal Pengabdian kepada Masyarakat, 1(2), 91–95.

Arundel, A., Bloch, C., & Ferguson, B. (2019). Advancing Innovation in the Public Sector: Aligning Innovation Measurement With Policy Goals. Research Policy, 48(3), 789–798.

Asbeni, A. (2020). Strategi Pengembangan Ekonomi Desa Menuju Desa Mandiri. Jurnal Patani: Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian dan Informatika, 4(2), 39–45.

Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia. (2021, November 5). Jumlah Desa Mandiri (Desa), 2014-2018. Badan Pusat Statistik Indonesia.

Baxter, S., Barnes, A., Lee, C., Mead, R., & Clowes, M. (2023). Increasing Public Participation and Influence in Local Decision-Making to Address Social Determinants of Health: A Systematic Review Examining Initiatives and Theories. Local Government Studies, 49(5), 861–887.

Bellò, B., Downe, J., Andrews, R., & Martin, S. (2018). Does Austerity Drive Public Service Innovation? Evidence From Shared Senior Management Teams in Local Government. Public Money & Management, 38(2), 131–138.

Castro, C., & Lopes, C. (2022). Digital Government and Sustainable Development. Journal of the Knowledge Economy, 13(2), 880–903.

Cingöz, A., & Akdoğan, A. A. (2013). Strategic Flexibility, Environmental Dynamism, and Innovation Performance: An Empirical Study. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 99, 582–589.

Criado, J. I., & Gil-Garcia, J. R. (2019). Creating Public Value Through Smart Technologies and Strategies. International Journal of Public Sector Management, 32(5), 438–450.

Datta, P., Walker, L., & Amarilli, F. (2020). Digital Transformation: Learning From Italy’s Public Administration. Journal of Information Technology Teaching Cases, 10(2), 54–71.

Davis, L. S. (2010). Institutional Flexibility and Economic Growth. Journal of Comparative Economics, 38(3), 306–320.

Fatmawati, Hakim, L., & Mappamiring. (2019). Pembangunan Desa Mandiri Melalui Partisipasi Masyarakat di Kecamatan Pattallassang Kabupaten Gowa. JPPM: Journal of Public Policy and Management, 1(1), 15–21.

Ganie, D., Saputra, H. J., & Hasyim, W. (2023). Analysis of the Implementation of Performance-Based Budgeting for Village Funds (Case Study in Berau District). DiE: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi dan Manajemen, 14(1), 40–53.

Gao, Z., Wang, S., & Gu, J. (2020). Public Participation in Smart-City Governance: A Qualitative Content Analysis of Public Comments in Urban China. Sustainability, 12(20), 8605.

Gunartin, Sunarsi, D., Paeno, Maddinsyah, A., & Kristianti, L. S. (2021). Analysis of the Effectiveness of Village Funds in Independent Village Development Efforts. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Research in Social Sciences and Humanities (ICoRSH 2020), 584(Icorsh 2020), 195–203.

Hendriani, S. (2018). The Role of Cooperative Development Strategy to Improving the Success of Village Cooperative (Kud) in Riau Indonesia. International Journal of Law and Management, 60(1), 87–101.

Janssen, M., & van der Voort, H. (2016). Adaptive Governance: Towards a Stable, Accountable and Responsive Government. Government Information Quarterly, 33(1), 1–5.

Janssen, M., & van der Voort, H. (2020). Agile and Adaptive Governance in Crisis Response: Lessons From the COVID-19 Pandemic. International Journal of Information Management, 55, 102180.

Ju, X., Ferreira, F. A. F., & Wang, M. (2020). Innovation, Agile Project Management and Firm Performance in a Public Sector-Dominated Economy: Empirical Evidence From High-Tech Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in China. Socio-Economic Planning Sciences, 72, 100779.

Kahila-Tani, M., Kytta, M., & Geertman, S. (2019). Does Mapping Improve Public Participation? Exploring the Pros and Cons of Using Public Participation Gis in Urban Planning Practices. Landscape and Urban Planning, 186, 45–55.

Kania, I., Anggadwita, G., & Alamanda, D. T. (2021). A New Approach to Stimulate Rural Entrepreneurship Through Village-Owned Enterprises in Indonesia. Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, 15(3), 432–450.

Laleye, A. M. (2022). Practical and Technological Skills: An Inevitable Social Engineering Tool for Sustainable Development. European Journal of Education and Pedagogy, 3(2), 171–177.

Lappi, T., & Aaltonen, K. (2017). Project Governance in Public Sector Agile Software Projects. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 10(2), 263–294.

Lindgren, I., Madsen, C. Ø., Hofmann, S., & Melin, U. (2019). Close Encounters of the Digital Kind: A Research Agenda for the Digitalization of Public Services. Government Information Quarterly, 36(3), 427–436.

Luna, A. J. H. de O., Kruchten, P., & de Moura, H. P. (2015). Agile Governance Theory: Conceptual Development. 12th International Conference on Management of Technology and Information System.

Mangkhang, C. (2021). Learning Innovation of Area-Based Approach to Sustainable Development Goals of Highland Community Resources Management of Social Studies Teachers in the Northern Thailand. Higher Education Studies, 11(3), 95–107.

Mazur, K., & Tomashuk, I. (2020). Governance and Regulation as an Indispensable Condition for Developing the Potential of Rural Areas. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 5(5).

Mergel, I. (2016). Agile Innovation Management in Government: A Research Agenda. Government Information Quarterly, 33(3), 516–523.

Mergel, I., Edelmann, N., & Haug, N. (2019). Defining Digital Transformation: Results From Expert Interviews. Government Information Quarterly, 36(4), 101385.

Meyerhoff Nielsen, M., & Jordanoski, Z. (2020). Digital Transformation, Governance and Coordination Models: A Comparative Study of Australia, Denmark and the Republic of Korea. The 21st Annual International Conference on Digital Government Research, 285–293.

Muluk, M. R. K., Alam, M. D. S., & Prabowo, A. (2022). Exploring Coopetition in the Lowest Level of Bureaucracy: Competition and Cooperation in Indonesian Village Indexes. Jurnal Pengurusan, 64, 69–78.

Panagiotopoulos, P., Klievink, B., & Cordella, A. (2019). Public Value Creation in Digital Government. Government Information Quarterly, 36(4), 101421.

Pranoto, A. R., & Yusuf, D. (2014). Program CSR Berbasis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Menuju Kemandirian Ekonomi Pasca Tambang di Desa Sarijaya. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik, 18(1), 39–50.

Rasaili, W., Dafik, D., Hidayat, R., & Prayitno, H. (2021). Analysis of the Influence of Local Politics on Implementation SDGs 4 Policy for Quality Education. SAR Journal - Science and Research, 4(4), 196–204.

Rasaili, W., Dafik, Hidayat, R., & Prayitno, H. (2020). On Strengthening the Local Politics to the Realization of Rural Quality Education Sustainable Development Goals. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 485(1), 012148.

Rasaili, W., & Puspaningrum, I. I. (2022). Reorientasi Pembangunan dan Moralitas Kebijakan: Mewujudkan Kesejahteraan dan Keadilan Sosial. Dalam H. Soetarto & I. I. Puspaningrum (Ed.), Kebijakan dan Pembangunan: Politik, Hubungan Internasional, dan Pariwisata (hlm. 34–54). Global Aksara Pers.

Ruggerio, C. A. (2021). Sustainability and Sustainable Development: A Review of Principles and Definitions. Science of The Total Environment, 786, 147481.

Ryser, L., & Halseth, G. (2010). Rural Economic Development: A Review of the Literature from Industrialized Economies. Geography Compass, 4(6), 510–531.

Sachs, J. D. (2012). From Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals. The Lancet, 379(9832), 2206–2211.

Saito, H. (2021). The Developmental State and Public Participation: The Case of Energy Policy-making in Post–Fukushima Japan. Science, Technology, & Human Values, 46(1), 139–165.

Sarawati, R. (2019). Village Capacity Building Through Strong, Developed, Independent and Democratic Village Governance. Proceedings of the The First International Conference On Islamic Development Studies 2019, ICIDS 2019, 10 September 2019, Bandar Lampung, Indonesia.

Seraw, W., & Lu, X. (2020). Review on Concepts and Theoretical Approaches of Policy Implementation. International Journal of Engineering and Information Systems (IJEAIS), 4(11), 115–120.

Sergeeva, N. (2019). Towards More Flexible Approach to Governance to Allow Innovation: The Case of UK Infrastructure. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 13(1), 1–19.

Shi, L., Han, L., Yang, F., & Gao, L. (2019). The Evolution of Sustainable Development Theory: Types, Goals, and Research Prospects. Sustainability, 11(24), 7158.

Sidik, F. (2015). Menggali Potensi Lokal Mewujudkan Kemandirian Desa. JKAP (Jurnal Kebijakan dan Administrasi Publik), 19(2).

Sihabudina, A. A., Yuliani, D., & Garvera, R. R. (2019). Development of Village Based on the Eco-Village Concept Towards an Independet Village. Prosiding ICOGISS 2019: International Confrence On Governance Innovation And Social Sciences, 327–337.

Situmorang, R., Trilaksono, T., & Japutra, A. (2019). Friend or Foe? The Complex Relationship Between Indigenous People and Policymakers Regarding Rural Tourism in Indonesia. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 39, 20–29.

Soe, R.-M., & Drechsler, W. (2018). Agile Local Governments: Experimentation Before Implementation. Government Information Quarterly, 35(2), 323–335.

Sugiyono. (2016). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Alfabeta.

UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning. (2020). Global Alliance for Literacy within the Framework of Lifelong Learning (GAL): Strategy 2020–2025. UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning.

Zerrer, N., & Sept, A. (2020). Smart Villagers as Actors of Digital Social Innovation in Rural Areas. Urban Planning, 5(4), 78–88.

Zhou, Y., Hou, L., Yang, Y., Chong, H.-Y., & Moon, S. (2019). A Comparative Review and Framework Development on Public Participation for Decision-Making in Chinese Public Projects. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 75, 79–87.



How to Cite

Rasaili, W., Suharyanto, D. F., Andiriyanto, A., Fitriyah, N. S., Zarnuji, & Puspaningrum, I. I. (2024). Independent Village Innovation: Integration of Agile Governance and Sustainable Development in Rural Governance. Matra Pembaruan: Jurnal Inovasi Kebijakan, 8(1), 45–60.