Measuring Political Will and Political Constellation in Moving Indonesia’s Capital City Policy


  • Bismar Harris Satriawan Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology & Universitas Palangka Raya
  • Syamsuri Ministry of Education, Culture, Research, and Technology & Universitas Palangka Raya



political will, political constellation, capital city, Nusantara


This research measuring how political will is in the policy of moving the national capital and how this policy is when faced with the existing political constellation. The type of research used is a qualitative approach. Methods of data collection using in-depth interviews and documentation techniques. The results of the research show that political will in the policy of moving the national capital cannot be separated from individual factors, namely the belief and courage of President Joko Widodo through a basis of reasoning that have strong relevance to empirical circumstances and are reflected through various regulations that have been stipulated. The organizational factor shows the government seriousness and commitment through the transition team formed, as a basis for working in a coordinated manner in achieving the targets set. The relationship factor shows the involvement of individuals/groups through the existence of various community supports, collaborative and partnerships, and the involvement of international figures in its implementation. Social factors show the dynamics of politics and condition of state apparatus in the decision-making process has reflected support for policies, seen from the agreement of the majority of political party factions, which at the same time has become strong political legitimacy. Overall, political will cannot be separated from the existing political constellation, the sustainability and success of the policy of moving the national capital will be determined by the next President leadership and the composition of the support of political parties that will come, which of course must have the same coherence of commitment.


Download data is not yet available.


Baum, F., Townsend, B., Fisher, M., Browne-Yung, K., Freeman, T., Ziersch, A., Harris, P., & Friel, S. (2022). Creating Political Will for Action on Health Equity: Practical Lessons for Public Health Policy Actors. International Journal of Health Policy and Management, 11(7), 947–960.

BPS - Statistics Indonesia. (2021). Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Indonesia Triwulan III-2021 (83/11/Th. XXIV; Berita Resmi Statistik). BPS - Statistics Indonesia.

Brinkerhoff, D. W. (2010). Unpacking the Concept of Political Will to Confront Corruption. U4 Brief, 2010:1.

Cabinet Secretariat of the Republic of Indonesia. (2022, February 1). Tokoh Masyarakat dan Adat Kaltim Dukung Pembangunan IKN. Sekretariat Kabinet Republik Indonesia.

Campbell, S., Greenwood, M., Prior, S., Shearer, T., Walkem, K., Young, S., Bywaters, D., & Walker, K. (2020). Purposive Sampling: Complex or Simple? Research Case Examples. Journal of Research in Nursing, 25(8), 652–661.

Capano, G., & Toth, F. (2023). Thinking Outside the Box, Improvisation, and Fast Learning: Designing Policy Robustness to Deal With What Cannot Be Foreseen. Public Administration, 101(1), 90–105.

Clemons, R. S., & McBeth, M. K. (2020). Public Policy Praxis: A Case Approach for ­Understanding ­Policy and Analysis (4th ed.). Routledge.

El Bushra, H. E. M., Yeneabat, A., Habtewold, B. W., & Bilail, O. H. (2019). Political Will: Necessary but Not Sufficient for Control of an Outbreak of Acute Watery Diarrhoea in the Sudan, 2016–2018. MOJ Public Health, 8(1), 35–39.

Enders, C. K. (2022). Applied Missing Data Analysis. Guilford Publications.

Endler, M., Al‐Haidari, T., Benedetto, C., Chowdhury, S., Christilaw, J., El Kak, F., Galimberti, D., Gutierrez, M., Ibrahim, S., Kumari, S., McNicholas, C., Flores, D. M., Muganda, J., Ramirez‐Negrin, A., Senanayake, H., Sohail, R., Temmerman, M., & Gemzell Danielsson, K. (2022). Are Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights Taught in Medical School? Results From a Global Survey. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics, 159(3), 735–742.

Farzanegan, M. R., Gholipour, H. F., Feizi, M., Nunkoo, R., & Andargoli, A. E. (2021). International Tourism and Outbreak of Coronavirus (COVID-19): A Cross-Country Analysis. Journal of Travel Research, 60(3), 687–692.

Ghalib, H., El-Khorazaty, M. T., & Serag, Y. (2021). New Capital Cities As Tools of Development and Nation-Building: Review of Astana and Egypt’s New Administrative Capital City. Ain Shams Engineering Journal, 12(3), 3405–3409.

Halabaku, A., Lutfiu, N., & Halabaku, V. F. (2019). Political Constellation and Decision-Making – Case Study: Two Leaders in the Negotiation Process for the Normalization of Relations Between Serbia and Kosovo. Prizren Social Science Journal, 3(2), 11–20.

Herdiana, D. (2020). Menemukenali Syarat Keberhasilan Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara. Jurnal Politica: Dinamika Masalah Politik Dalam Negeri dan Hubungan Internasional, 11(1), 1–18.

Hirose, M., & Creswell, J. W. (2023). Applying Core Quality Criteria of Mixed Methods Research to an Empirical Study. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 17(1), 12–28.

Kapoutsis, I., Papalexandris, A., Treadway, D. C., & Bentley, J. (2017). Measuring Political Will in Organizations: Theoretical Construct Development and Empirical Validation. Journal of Management, 43(7), 2252–2280.

Kukutschka, R. M. B. (2015). Building Political Will: Topic Guide. Transparency International.

Lassa, J. A., Surjan, A., Caballero-Anthony, M., & Fisher, R. (2019). Measuring Political Will: An Index of Commitment to Disaster Risk Reduction. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 34, 64–74.

Lembaga Survei Indonesia. (2023, July 11). Peta Kompetisi Pilpres dan Sikap Publik terhadap Isu-isu Nasional [Rilis]. Lembaga Survei Indonesia.

Li, Y., & Zhang, S. (2022). Qualitative Data Analysis. In Y. Li & S. Zhang, Applied Research Methods in Urban and Regional Planning (pp. 149–165). Springer International Publishing.

Morgan, H. (2022). Conducting a Qualitative Document Analysis. The Qualitative Report, 27(1), 64–77.

Moser, S. (2010). Putrajaya: Malaysia’s New Federal Administrative Capital. Cities, 27(4), 285–297.

Nurjaman, R., & Rusata, T. (2023). Exclusion and Resistance: The Potential of Agrarian Conflicts Overshadowing the New Capital City. In H. Warsilah, L. Mulyani, & I. K. Nasution (Eds.), Assembling Nusantara (pp. 137–149). Springer Nature Singapore.

Perry, N. E. (2022). Using Qualitative Methods to Enrich Understandings of Self-Regulated Learning: A Special Issue of Educational Psychologist (1st ed.). Routledge.

Poltracking Indonesia. (2023, April 28). Rilis Tiga Temuan Survei Nasional Poltracking Indonesia [Rilis]. Poltracking Indonesia.

Purnama, S. J., & Chotib, C. (2022). Analisis Kebijakan Publik Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara. Jurnal Ekonomi & Kebijakan Publik, 13(2), 153–166.

Rachmawati, R., Haryono, E., Ghiffari, R. A., Reinhart, H., Permatasari, F. D., & Rohmah, A. A. (2021). Best Practices of Capital City Relocation in Various Countries: Literature Review. E3S Web of Conferences, 325, 07004.

Schatz, E. (2004). What Capital Cities Say About State and Nation Building. Nationalism and Ethnic Politics, 9(4), 111–140.

Schwab, K. (2018). The Global Competitiveness Report 2018 [Insight Report]. World Economic Forum.

Siebörger, I. (2020). Political Constellations: An Analysis of the Use of Language in Positioning South African Political Parties in the Daily Sun [PhD, Rhodes University].

Susmiyati, H. R., Harjanti, W., & Al Hidayah, R. (2023). Development of the Nusantara Capital, Sustainable Extraction for East Kalimantan. In H. Warsilah, L. Mulyani, & I. K. Nasution (Eds.), Assembling Nusantara (pp. 151–164). Springer Nature Singapore.

The Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia. (2019). Daya Dukung dan Daya Tampung Air Nasional. Kementerian Lingkungan Hidup dan Kehutanan Republik Indonesia.

The Ministry of National Development Planning/National Development Planning Agency of the Republic of Indonesia. (2021). Buku Saku Pemindahan Ibu Kota Negara. Kementerian PPN/Bappenas.

United Nations Publications. (2014). World Population Policies 2013. UN.

Warsilah, H. (2023). Reconstruction of Ethnic Identity in the Development of a New Capital City in East Kalimantan: Participation and Access to City Resources. In H. Warsilah, L. Mulyani, & I. K. Nasution (Eds.), Assembling Nusantara (pp. 81–97). Springer Nature Singapore.




How to Cite

Satriawan, B. H., & Syamsuri. (2023). Measuring Political Will and Political Constellation in Moving Indonesia’s Capital City Policy. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, 15(2), 339–356.