The Study of Indigenous Institutions in West Sumatra, Indonesia
Nagari as government and customary institutions in West Sumatra is torn between the interests of the government system and the importance of maintaining the fundamental values in the community. Various government regulations regarding the village or Nagari generate new questions, the loss of the community’s identity and local wisdom of Nagari as an autonomous and independent society. This study aims to explore and describe the Nagari system of government, as a social system of indigenous peoples of Minangkabau that combine the state government system with the adat system of local customary institutions. The study was conducted with qualitative methods, using in-depth interviews with the community leaders as well as some observations related to the dynamics of its social community in addition to literature study. This study found that Nagari as Minangkabau community social unity has a sacred local wisdom from the community’s comprehensive thinking, and natural conditions. With its history, Nagari grows as an autonomous region where the community manages the social and natural resources potential independently. The Institutional system of Nagari is a combination between the state, custom, and religion, which is combined in the framework of tungku tigo sajarangan, tali tigo sapilin, the government, niniek mamak, and religious scholars. The social system that emerged from the wisdom of “reading” nature, as the strength of the Minangkabau community, made Nagari be one of the regions in Indonesia which are called by the Netherlands as “the Small Republic”.
Amalia, A. D., & Syawie, M. (2015). Pembangunan Kemandirian Desa melalui Konsep Pemberdayaan: Suatu Kajian dalam Perspektif Sosiologi. Sosio Informa, 175–188. Retrieved from http://ejournal.kemsos.go.id/index.php/Sosioinforma/article/view/146
Astuti, N. B. (2009). Transformasi dari Desa Kembali ke Nagari (Studi Kasus di Kenagarian IV Koto Palembayan, Sumatera Barat). Bogor Agricultural University. Retrieved from https://repository.ipb.ac.id/handle/123456789/5046
Astuti, N. B., & Kolopaking, L. M. (2009). Dilema dalam Transformasi Desa Ke Nagari: Studi Kasus di Kenagarian IV Koto Palembayan, Provinsi Sumatera Barat. Sodality: Jurnal Sosiologi Pedesaan, 3(2), 153–172. http://doi.org/10.22500/sodality.v3i2.5868
Azwar, W. (2018). The Resistance of Local Wisdom Towards Radicalism: The Study of the Tarekat Community of West Sumatra, Indonesia. Pertanika Journal of Social Sciences & Humanities (JSSH), 26(1), 75–102. Retrieved from http://www.pertanika.upm.edu.my/Pertanika PAPERS/JSSH Vol. 26 (1) Mar. 2018/05 JSSH-1622-2016-3rdProof.pdf
Hanani, S., & Aziz, R. A. (2009). Rekonstruksi dan usaha penyelamatan tradisi lokal era pasca sentralisme di Indonesia. Geografia - Malaysian Journal of Society and Space, 5(2), 68–81. Retrieved from http://ejournal.ukm.my/gmjss/article/view/17905
Hardiman, F. B. (2015). Seni Memahami: Hermeneutik dari Schleiermacher sampai Derrida. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.
Herry, A. (2015). Kesiapan Desa Menghadapi Implementasi Undang-Undang Desa (Tinjauan Desentralisasi Fiskal dan Peningkatan Potensi Desa). Civis, 5(1), 737–751. Retrieved from http://journal.upgris.ac.id/index.php/civis/article/view/634
Holstein, J. A., & Gubrium, J. F. (2009). Fenomenologi, Etnometodologi, dan Praktik Interpretif. In N. K. Denzin & Y. S. Lincoln (Eds.), Handbook of Qualitative Research. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
ICRAF, LATIN, & P3AE-UI. (2001). Kajian Kebijakan Hak-Hak Masyarakat Adat di Indonesia; Suatu Refleksi Pengaturan Kebijakan dalam Era Otonomi Daerah. Seri Kebijakan I. ICRAF, LATIN, P3AE-UI.
Muhi, A. H. (2011). Fenomena pembangunan desa. Institute Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, 1–20.
Nasrul, W. (2013). Peran Kelembagaan Lokal Adat dalam Pembangunan Desa. Jurnal Ekonomi Pembangunan: Kajian Masalah Ekonomi Dan Pembangunan, 14(1), 102. http://doi.org/10.23917/jep.v14i1.164
Nazir, M. (1988). Metode Penelitian. Jakarta: Ghalia Indonesia.
Pranadji, T. (2006). Penguatan Modal Sosial untuk Pemberdayaan Masyarakat Pedesaan dalam Pengelolaan Agroekosistem Lahan Kering (Studi Kasus di Desa-desa (Hulu DAS) Ex Proyek Bangun Desa, Kabupaten Gunungkidul dan Ex Proyek Pertanian Lahan Kering, Kabupaten Boyolali). Jurnal Agro Ekonomi, 24(2), 178–206. http://doi.org/10.21082/jae.v24n2.2006.178-206
Vel, J. A. C., & Bedner, A. W. (2015). Decentralisation and village governance in Indonesia: the return to the nagari and the 2014 Village Law. The Journal of Legal Pluralism and Unofficial Law, 47(3), 493–507. http://doi.org/10.1080/07329113.2015.1109379
Wekke, I. S. (2013). Islam dan Adat: Tinjauan Akulturasi Budaya dan Agama dalam Masyarakat Bugis. Analisis, XIII(1), 27–56. Retrieved from http://ejournal.radenintan.ac.id/index.php/analisis/article/view/641
Widyanti, T. (2015). Penerapan Nilai-Nilai Kearifan Lokal dalam Budaya. Jurnal Pendidikan Ilmu Sosial, 24(2).
Yunus, Y. (2008, October 29). Pemahaman tentang Nagari | Wawasan Islam. Retrieved from https://wawasanislam.wordpress.com/2009/03/06/pemahaman-tentang-nagari/
Yunus, Y. (Ed.). (2011). Adat Basandi Syarak - Syarak Basandi Kitabullah dalam Masyarakat Minangkabau. Padang, Indonesia: Museum Nagari.
Copyright (c) 2018 Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
- The author submits the manuscript to the Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance and certifies that the work has not been published before and does not contain publication material that would violate any copyright or personal or proprietary right of any person or entity.
- The author hereby grants to Research and Development Agency-Ministry of Home Affairs (R&D-MoHA) of the Republic of Indonesia, an exclusive publishing and distribution license in the manuscript identified above and any tables, illustrations or other material submitted for publication as part of the manuscript in print, electronic and all other media, in any form, in all languages, throughout the world, for the full term of copyright, and the right to license others to do the same, effective when the Article is accepted for publication. This license includes the right to enforce the rights granted hereunder against third parties.
- As an author, you may do the following:
- make copies (print or electronic) of the article for personal use, including for classroom teaching use;
- make copies and distribute such copies (including through e-mail) of the article to research colleagues, for personal use by such colleagues (but not commercially or systematically, e.g. via an e-mail list or list server);
- present the article at a meeting or conference and to distribute copies of the article to the delegates attending such meeting;
- retain patent and trademark rights and rights to any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in the article;
- include the article in full or in part in a thesis or dissertation (provided that this is not to be published commercially);
- use the article or any part thereof in a printed compilation of your works, such as collected writings or lecture notes (subsequent to publication of the article in the journal); and prepare other derivative works, to extend the article into book-length form, or to otherwise re-use portions or excerpts in other works, with full acknowledgement of its original publication in the journal;
- may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the article, material extracted from the article, or derivative works for the author’s personal use or for company use, provided that the source and the copyright notice are indicated, the copies are not used in any way that implies R&D-MoHA endorsement of a product or service of any employer, and the copies themselves are not offered for sale.
Every accepted manuscript should be accompanied by Copyright Transfer Agreement prior to the article publication.