Transformational Leadership in Times of Crisis

Study of Handling COVID-19 in Bumi Raja-Raja


  • Rachma Fitriati Faculty of Administrative Science, Universitas Indonesia
  • Dea Alita Marsanty IndoStrategic (Institute for Democracy and Strategic Affairs) & Faculty of Administrative Science, Universitas Indonesia



COVID-19, leadership, transformational, Maluku


This study aims to analyze the transformational leadership of Village Heads in efforts to break the chain of the spread of COVID-19 in the Maluku Province area known as Bumi Raja-Raja. Village heads are called "Bapa Raja" because of their position as community leaders, religious leaders, and even traditional leaders because a Bapa Raja must have a noble lineage. This study used a qualitative method with an exploratory and descriptive research approach. Data collection techniques using in-depth interviews, observation and literature review. The results showed that Bapa Raja plays a key role in strengthening local capacity, addressing potential risks, and meeting the basic needs of people in the village. They not only strengthen local empowerment but also overcome and reduce potential and fulfil basic needs in villages by taking concrete action and utilizing local resources pro-actively and having a positive impact in breaking the chain of the spread of COVID-19 and supporting local governments in implementing policies and pandemic response programs. The study recommendation is to strengthen the role of Bapa Raja as a collaborative agent for local governments to increase active community participation in efforts to break the chain of spread of the COVID-19 virus. Thus, in the future, Bapa Raja, as a local leader as well as a traditional & community figure, can be the main force in facing crises while maintaining the stability and prosperity of their community.


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How to Cite

Fitriati, R., & Marsanty, D. A. (2023). Transformational Leadership in Times of Crisis: Study of Handling COVID-19 in Bumi Raja-Raja. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, 15(2), 289–308.