Accountability Dysfunction 
in Campaign Finance Regulations

A Case Study of the 2018 Jambi Simultaneous General Elections

Authors

  • Muhammad Ichsan Kabullah Department of Public Administration & The Center of Constitutional Studies (PUSaKO), Universitas Andalas
  • Feri Amsari Department of Constitutional Law & The Center of Constitutional Studies (PUSaKO), Universitas Andalas
  • Wein Arifin The Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) Provinsi Jambi
  • Fauzan Misra Department of Accounting, Universitas Andalas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.12.2020.225-236

Keywords:

campaign finance regulations, accountability, regional head election (Pilkada)

Abstract

The regulations of campaign finance have highly problematic for local electios (Pilkada) in Indonesia. However, the campaign finance system changed gradually over the following years, many alleged campaign violations committed by candidates during local elections. In this study, the researcher wants to assess campaign finance regulations based on the accountability concept. The measurement of accountability in the campaign finance regulations has been divided into two perspectives, which are legal and finance. The study used a qualitative method with a case study approach in Jambi's three regions, which held local elections (Pilkada) in 2018. This study argues that the current regulations have not solved the whole problem of campaign funds. The level of corruption by candidates remains stubbornly high due to less authority and weak sanctions. At the same time, most campaign finance regulations have never been enforced. As a result, revising Acts on the election, enhancing law enforcement, and raising public awareness need to promote for ensuring the quality of local democracy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

As’ad, M. U. (2016). Kapitalisasi Demokrasi dan Jaringan Patronase Politik (Keterlibatan Pengusaha Tambang dalam Pilkada di Kalimantan Selatan). As Siyasah, 1(1), 34–41. https://doi.org/10.31602/as.v1i1.589

Aspinall, E., & Berenschot, W. (2019). Democracy for Sale: Pemilihan Umum, Klientelisme, dan Negara di Indonesia. Yayasan Pustaka Obor Indonesia.

Aspinall, E., & Sukmajati, M. (Eds.). (2015). Politik Uang di Indonesia: Patronase dan Klientelisme pada Pemilu Legislatif 2014. Penerbit PolGov.

Behn, R. D. (2001). Rethinking Democratic Accountability. Brookings Institution Press.

Berenschot, W. (2018). The Political Economy of Clientelism: A Comparative Study of Indonesia’s Patronage Democracy. Comparative Political Studies, 51(12), 1563–1593. https://doi.org/10.1177/0010414018758756

Bovens, M., Schillemans, T., & Hart, P. ’t. (2008). Does Public Accountability Work? An Assessment Tool. Public Administration, 86(1), 225–242. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9299.2008.00716.x

Brandsma, G. J., & Schillemans, T. (2013). The Accountability Cube: Measuring Accountability. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, 23(4), 953–975. https://doi.org/10.1093/jopart/mus034

Creswell, J. W. (2007). Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Approaches. SAGE.

Djuyandi, Y., & Herdiansah, A. G. (2018). Political Participation of Youth in the West Java Regional Election (Pilkada) in 2018. Jurnal Bina Praja, 10(2), 195–207. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.10.2018.195-207

Fahmi, K. (2011). Pemilihan Umum & Kedaulatan Rakyat. RajaGrafindo Persada.

Fahmi, K., Amsari, F., Azheri, B., & Kabullah, M. I. (2020). Sistem Keadilan Pemilu dalam Penanganan Pelanggaran dan Sengketa Proses Pemilu Serentak 2019 di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Konstitusi, 17(1), 1–26. https://doi.org/10.31078/jk1711

Fahmi, K., Isra, S., Muchtar, Z. A., & Hilaire, T. (2019). The Role of the Law in Safeguarding Electoral Democracy in Indonesia. Journal of Legal, Ethical and Regulatory Issues, 22(2), 1–6. https://www.abacademies.org/articles/the-role-of-the-law-in-safeguarding-electoral-democracy-in-indonesia-8113.html

Fajri, M. N., & Kabullah, M. I. (2019). PKK, Potensi Pemanfaatan Keuangan Negara dan Neo-Ibuisme Negara di Sumatera Barat. Jurnal Adhyasta Pemilu, 6(2), 85–97.

Gabrillin, A. (2018, August 23). Gratifikasi Zumi Zola Digunakan untuk Kampanye Calon Bupati yang Diusung PAN. KOMPAS.com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/08/23/18000391/gratifikasi-zumi-zola-digunakan-untuk-kampanye-calon-bupati-yang-diusung-pan

Gerring, J. (Ed.). (2006). What Is a Case Study? In Case Study Research: Principles and Practices (pp. 17–36). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511803123.004

Helmi, H. H., & Erliyana, A. (2019). Kontruksi Hukum Diskualifikasi Calon Petahana pada Pemilihan Kepala Daerah. Pakuan Law Review, 5(2), 146–180. https://doi.org/10.33751/.v5i2.1190

Isra, S., Yuliandri, Amsari, F., & Tegnan, H. (2017). Obstruction of justice in the effort to eradicate corruption in Indonesia. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 51, 72–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlcj.2017.07.001

Kabullah, M. I., & Wahab, S. (2016). The Curbing of Corruption by Formal and Informal Accountability at the Indonesian Local Governments: Learning from Yogyakarta City. In U. Sadioglu (Ed.), Theoretical Foundations and Discussions on the Reformation Process in Local Governments (pp. 441–461). IGI Global. https://www.igi-global.com/chapter/the-curbing-of-corruption-by-formal-and-informal-accountability-at-the-indonesian-local-governments/154535

KPK. (2020, June 1). Statistik TPK Berdasarkan Profesi/Jabatan. KPK.go.id. https://www.kpk.go.id/id/statistik/penindakan/tpk-berdasarkan-profesi-jabatan

Kriyantono, R. (2008). Teknik Praktis Riset Komunikasi. Prenada Media.

Labuschagne, H., & Els, G. (2006). Corruption and fraud: Any lessons for the auditor? Meditari Accountancy Research, 14(1), 29–47. https://doi.org/10.1108/10222529200600003

Lægreid, P., & Neby, S. (2016). Gaming, Accountability and Trust: DRGs and Activity-Based Funding in Norway. Financial Accountability & Management, 32(1), 57–79. https://doi.org/10.1111/faam.12080

Lonsdale, J., & Bemelmans-Videc, M.-L. (2017). Accountability—The Challenges for Two Professions. In M.-L. Bemelmans-Videc, J. Lonsdale, B. Perrin, & A. Etzioni (Eds.), Making Accountability Work: Dilemmas for Evaluation and for Audit Comparative Policy Evaluation, Vol. 14 (1st ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203786666

Mietzner, M. (2015). Dysfunction by Design: Political Finance and Corruption in Indonesia. Critical Asian Studies, 47(4), 587–610. https://doi.org/10.1080/14672715.2015.1079991

Misra, F. (2003). Peran Corruption Audit dan Audit Kinerja dalam Mencegah, Mendeteksi, dan Menginvestigasi Korupsi. Tirtayasa Ekonomika, 5(1), 20–30.

Mizrahi, S., & Minchuk, Y. (2019). Accountability and performance management: Citizens’ willingness to monitor public officials. Public Management Review, 21(3), 334–353. https://doi.org/10.1080/14719037.2018.1473478

Muhtadi, B. (2019). Politik Uang dan New Normal dalam Pemilu Paska-Orde Baru. Jurnal Antikorupsi INTEGRITAS, 5(1), 55–74. https://doi.org/10.32697/integritas.v5i1.413

Mulgan, R. (2000). ‘Accountability’: An Ever-Expanding Concept? Public Administration, 78(3), 555–573. https://doi.org/10.1111/1467-9299.00218

Mursalin. (2013). Peran Audit Forensik dalam Pemberantasan Korupsi di Indonesia. Jurnal Media Wahana Ekonomika, 10(2), 43–58. https://doi.org/10.31851/jmwe.v10i2.3616

Nugroho, A. (2018). Strategi Komisi Pemilihan Umum Provinsi Jambi dalam Peningkatan Partisipasi Pemilih di Kabupaten Kerinci (Studi pada Pemilihan Kepala Daerah 2018 dan Pemilihan Umum 2019) [Master Thesis]. Universitas Lampung.

Perrin, B. (2017). Towards a New View of Accountability. In M.-L. Bemelmans-Videc, J. Lonsdale, B. Perrin, & A. Etzioni (Eds.), Making Accountability Work: Dilemmas for Evaluation and for Audit Comparative Policy Evaluation, Vol. 14 (1st ed.). Routledge. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780203786666

Pertiwi, K., & Ainsworth, S. (2020). “Democracy is the Cure?”: Evolving Constructions of Corruption in Indonesia 1994–2014. Journal of Business Ethics. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-020-04560-y

Risal, S., & Pratiwi, E. (2019). Partisipasi Politik Masyarakat Perbatasan Negara dalam Pilkada Serentak di Kabupaten Malinau. Dia: Jurnal Administrasi Publik, 17(2), 11–32. https://doi.org/10.30996/dia.v17i2.3010

Robison, R., & Hadiz, V. R. (2017). Indonesia: A tale of misplaced expectations. The Pacific Review, 30(6), 895–909. https://doi.org/10.1080/09512748.2017.1306578

Saragintan, A., & Hidayat, S. (2016). Politik Pork Barrel di Indonesia: Kasus Hibah dan Bantuan Sosial di Provinsi Banten Tahun 2011. Jurnal Politik, 2(1), 137–164. https://doi.org/10.7454/jp.v2i1.85

Speck, B. W., & Olabe, P. B. (2013, November 14). Money in Politics: Sound Political Competition and Trust in Government. Restoring Trust in Government: Addressing Risks of Influence in Public Decision Making, Paris.

Tidey, S. (2018). A Tale of Two Mayors: Configurations of Care and Corruption in Eastern Indonesian Direct District Head Elections. Current Anthropology, 59(S18), S117–S127. https://doi.org/10.1086/696072

Ufen, A., & Mietzner, M. (2015). Political Finance Regimes in Southeast Asia: Introduction. Critical Asian Studies, 47(4), 558–563. https://doi.org/10.1080/14672715.2015.1082260

Walecki, M. (2007). Political Finance. In Challenging the Norms and Standards of Election Administration (pp. 75–93). IFES.

Warburton, E., & Aspinall, E. (2019). Explaining Indonesia’s Democratic Regression: Structure, Agency and Popular Opinion. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 41(2), 255–285. https://doi.org/10.1355/cs41-2k

Wildianti, D. (2018, January 30). Mahar Politik dan Korupsi Sistemik. Puskapol UI. https://www.puskapol.ui.ac.id/opini/mahar-politik-dan-korupsi-sistemik.html

Winters, J. A. (2011). Oligarchy. Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511793806

Yin, R. K. (2014). Case Study Research: Design and Methods (5th ed.). SAGE.

Downloads

Published

2020-12-16

How to Cite

Kabullah, M. I., Amsari, F., Arifin, W., & Misra, F. (2020). Accountability Dysfunction 
in Campaign Finance Regulations: A Case Study of the 2018 Jambi Simultaneous General Elections. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, 12(2), 225-236. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.12.2020.225-236