Political Pragmatics in Indonesia

Candidates, the Coalition of Political Parties and Single Candidate for Local Elections


  • Ratna Rosanti Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Airlangga University




pragmatics, local elections, coalition, local head candidates


Political pragmatics has become its dynamic in Local Elections. The existence of incumbent power and uneven coalition formation of parties in the election can directly reduce or eliminate the opportunity for other political parties to participate in the election. In addition to these problems, so far, candidates' nomination by political parties turns out to pay more attention to the incumbent electability or popularity of the candidates to be carried by them and without assuming to party ideology. This certainly makes the power imbalance so that candidates from political parties or coalitions of other political parties are reluctant to compete. Political parties hold a coalition to carry out the candidates for various reasons. This research article will explain political parties' pragmatics in forming a coalition and carrying a pair of candidates that gave rise to a single candidate's phenomenon. The research article begins with collecting data through a literature study and is supported by the General Elections Commission's data. To answer this phenomenon, the writer analyzes the documentation as long as the Local Elections is held simultaneously. The concept of political pragmatism is expected to explain these phenomena. This paper concludes that the pragmatic methods used by political parties in determining coalitions and candidates in the Regional Head Election are because the purpose of political parties to participate in the contestation is only a victory to gain power.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


BeritaSatu.com. (2015, June 14). 9 Partai Berkoalisi Hadapi Pilkada Blitar. beritasatu.com. https://www.beritasatu.com/beritasatu/nasional/282362/9-partai-berkoalisi-hadapi-pilkada-blitar

detikNews. (2015, March 25). Pilkada Blitar, PDIP dan PKB Siap Usung Kader Terbaik. Detiknews.com. https://news.detik.com/berita-jawa-timur/d-2869611/pilkada-blitar-pdip-dan-pkb-siap-usung-kader-terbaik

Hanafi, R. I. (2015, August 14). Koalisi Parpol di Pilkada Serentak. Kompas.com. https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2015/08/14/15150081/Koalisi.Parpol.di.Pilkada.Serentak

Hidayat, M. A. (2017, February 22). Semua Calon Tunggal Pilkada Menang Lawan Kotak Kosong. VIVA.co.id. https://www.viva.co.id/berita/nasional/886111-semua-calon-tunggal-pilkada-menang-lawan-kotak-kosong

Hutapea, L. (2016, May 11). Kandidat Tunggal Tidak Bisa Diberlakukan di Kabupaten Tambrauw. Lensapapua. https://www.lensapapua.com/hukum-kriminal/kandidat-tunggal-tidak-bisa-diberlakukan-di-kabupaten-tambrauw/

Katz, R. S., & Crotty, W. J. (2006). Handbook of Party Politics. Sage.

Kristianti, I. (2018, January 27). Pilkada Serentak 2018, Totalitas Demi yang Terbaik. Kompasiana. https://www.kompasiana.com/ignatiakristianti/5a6c6ce65e13733a0406efa2/pilkada-serentak-2018-totalitas-demi-yang-terbaik?page=all

Lundell, K. (2004). Determinants of Candidate Selection: The Degree of Centralization in Comparative Perspective. Party Politics, 10(1), 25–47. https://doi.org/10.1177/1354068804039119

Nurhasim, Moch. (2010). Konflik dalam Pilkada Langsung: Studi tentang Penyebab dan Dampak Konflik. Jurnal Penelitian Politik, 7(2), 105–117. https://doi.org/10.14203/jpp.v7i2.499

Pryanka, A. (2018, July 2). Tiga Penyebab Munculnya Paslon Tunggal Versi Peneliti LIPI. Republika Online. https://republika.co.id/berita/nasional/pilkada/18/07/02/pb8nrr409-tiga-penyebab-munculnya-paslon-tunggal-versi-peneliti-lipi

Rahat, G. (2009). Which Candidate Selection Method is the Most Democratic? Government and Opposition, 44(1), 68–90. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1477-7053.2008.01276.x

Simbolon, C. D. (2017, February 1). Parpol Mengabaikan Kaderisasi. Media Indonesia. https://mediaindonesia.com/politik-dan-hukum/90282/parpol-mengabaikan-kaderisasi




How to Cite

Rosanti, R. (2020). Political Pragmatics in Indonesia: Candidates, the Coalition of Political Parties and Single Candidate for Local Elections. Jurnal Bina Praja: Journal of Home Affairs Governance, 12(2), 153-165. https://doi.org/10.21787/jbp.12.2020.153-165